GarageBand Tips

GarageBand Tips

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GarageBand Tips

GarageBand is a fantastic tool for making music quickly and easily, and you can do a lot using just your computer and the loops that come with the program.
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http://garageband.tips.freemac.org

Connecting Music Equipment

Connecting a Musical Instrument or Microphone:

You can connect an electric musical instrument or microphone to your computer and
record it in a Real Instrument track.

You can connect a microphone to your computer using the computer’s audio input
port, if your computer has one. You can also connect an audio interface to your
computer, then connect instruments and microphones to the audio interface for
recording. Audio interfaces are available in a variety of compatible formats, including
USB, FireWire, PCI, and PC card formats. You can also connect an audio mixer or console
to your computer, and record microphones or instruments through the mixer.

If you use an audio interface to connect musical instruments, check the manufacturer’s
specifications to make sure the interface is compatible with Mac OS X 10.2.6 or later.
Also make sure the audio interface uses a format supported by your computer. Follow
the manufacturer’s instructions, which may include installing the correct driver on your
computer.

If you connect an instrument or microphone to your computer’s audio input port, open
System Preferences, click the button for Sound preferences, click the Input tab in the
Sound pane, select Line In in the sound input list, then drag the Input volume slider to
set the input level.

Connecting a Music Keyboard to Your Computer:

If you play a keyboard instrument, you can connect a MIDI-compatible music keyboard
to your computer to play and record Software Instruments.

To connect a music keyboard to play Software Instruments:

  • If the keyboard is a USB MIDI keyboard, connect the USB cable to the keyboard and to your computer.
  • If the keyboard is a standard MIDI keyboard, connect the keyboard to a MIDI interface using standard MIDI cables, and connect the interface to your computer.

Be sure to follow the instructions that came with the keyboard, which may include
installing the correct driver on your computer.

Connecting Other Music Equipment:

You may also want to connect speakers or monitors to your computer to hear your
projects play back with greater audio quality than possible from your computer’s
speaker. A variety of monitors and speakers are available, including speakers you can
connect directly to your computer’s audio out port, through a USB port, or using an
audio interface.

If you connect an audio interface to your computer, you set the audio interface as the
audio input device for GarageBand. Before setting the audio input device, be sure to
install any necessary driver software for the audio interface.

To set an audio interface as the audio input device:

1. Choose GarageBand > Preferences, then click Audio/MIDI.
2. In the Audio/MIDI pane, choose the audio interface from the Audio Input pop-up
menu.

If you connect a microphone, an instrument, or other audio device directly to your
computer’s audio input port, you set may need to configure input settings for it in the
Sound pane of System Preferences.

To configure input settings in System Preferences:

1. Choose Apple () > System Preferences, then click Sound.
2. In the Sound pane, click the Input button.
3. Select Line In from the sound input devices list, then drag the Input volume slider to
set the input level.

Creating Musical Score

Sending an iMovie Project to GarageBand:

You can send an iMovie project from iMovie to GarageBand. When you send an iMovie
project, GarageBand opens and a new project is created that contains the iMovie
project. If GarageBand is already open, the current project closes before the new
project is created.

To send an iMovie project from iMovie to GarageBand:

  • In iMovie, choose Share > GarageBand.


Importing a Video File From the Media Browser:

You can import an iMovie project or other video file from the Media Browser. The
Media Browser lets you quickly locate iMovie projects and other video files in your
computer’s Movies folder, as well as other media files.
You can search for files by name, and preview video files before you add them to your GarageBand project.

To open the Media Browser, do one of the following:

  • Choose Control > Show Media Browser.
  • Click the Media Browser button (next to the Track Info button).

The Media Browser contains buttons for different types of media files, a browser where
you can navigate to the media files you want to use, and a media list showing the
media files in the current location. You can preview movies in the Media Browser to
find the one you want to work with in GarageBand. Once you find the movie you want
to work with, you drag it to the timeline to import it into the project.

To find video files using the Media Browser:

1. Click the Movies button.
2. Navigate to the folder containing the movie you want to use.
3. Optionally, you can also search for movies by name by typing in the search field.

To preview a video file in the Media Browser, do one of the following:

  • Select the file in the media list, then click the Play button at the bottom of the Media Browser.
  • Double-click the file in the media list.

The movie icon becomes a small preview of the movie.

To stop preview playback, do one of the following:

  • Click the Play button at the bottom of the Media Browser.
  • Select another video file.

To import a video file:

  • Drag the video file from the Media Browser to the timeline.

The video file appears in the video track, beginning at the start of the project.
You can’t change the position of the video in a project.

Note: A project can contain only one video file. If you import a video file into a project
that already contains one, a dialog appears asking if you want to replace the existing
video with the new one.

The Media Browser shows the movies in your Movies folder. You can add other folders
to the Media Browser so you can add media files in the folders to your projects.

To add a folder to the Media Browser:

  • Drag the folder from the Finder to the middle area of the Media Browser.


Viewing the Video:

When you import a video file into a project, the video track appears at the top of the
timeline, showing still frames from the video file. The Track Info pane appears in place
of the Media Browser, with a video preview at the top where you can view the video as
you play the project.

To show the video track and video preview:

  • Choose Track > Show Video Track.

To hide the video track and video preview:

  • Choose Track > Hide Video Track.


Working With the Video’s Audio Track:

If the video contains an audio track, a new Real Instrument track named Video Sound is
created below the video track for the video’s audio. You can edit the Video Sound track
exactly like any Real Instrument track: You can mute or solo it, adjust the volume level
and pan position, and add effects.

Note: If you mute the Video Sound track, the video’s audio will not be included when
you send the movie to iDVD or iWeb or when you export as a QuickTime movie.


Adding and Editing Markers:

You can add markers to a project, and then add URLs and chapter titles to markers.
Markers make it easy to navigate to different parts of the finished movie, and let you
add links to webpages. You can add and edit markers in the editor.

To show marker information in the editor:

  • Select the video track, then choose Control > Show Editor or click the Editor button.

The editor opens. In marker view, the editor contains the marker list, with columns
showing the start time, still video frame, and chapter title for each marker.

To add a marker:

1. Move the playhead to the place where you want to add the marker.
2. Click the Add Marker button at the bottom of the editor.

In the editor, the time position where you added the marker appears in the Time
column, and the frame of the video at that position appears in the Still Frame column.


Adding a URL to a Marker:

You can add a URL to a marker and give the URL a title. When you play the movie in
iTunes, iDVD, or QuickTime Player, the URL appears until the start point of the next
marker. When a user clicks the URL, their web browser opens to the webpage for the
URL.

To add a URL to a marker:

1. In the editor, click the placeholder text in the URL column of the marker’s row, then
type the URL.

The Displays URL checkbox is selected for the marker.

2. In the editor, click the placeholder text in the URL Title column of the marker’s row,
then type the title.

When you add a URL title, the title appears in place of the actual URL when you play
the movie, but clicking the title opens your web browser to the webpage for the URL.


Adding a Chapter Title:

You can add a chapter title to a marker, making it a chapter marker. When you play the
movie in iTunes, iDVD, or QuickTime Player, you can move back and forth between
chapters.

To add a chapter title to a marker:

  • In the editor, select the placeholder text in the Chapter Title column of the marker’srow, then type a new title.

In the time ruler, a yellow diamond appears at the marker’s start position. In the editor,
the Marks a Chapter checkbox is selected.

Sending a Movie to iDVD:

You can send the project containing both video and audio to iDVD so you can burn it
to a DVD disc. Viewers watching the DVD can use the chapter markers in the project to
move to different parts of the movie. URLs and URL titles will not appear in the movie
on DVD.

To send a movie to iDVD:

  • Choose Share > Send Movie to iDVD.

Note: When you send a project to iDVD, no video compression is applied to the
project. In most cases, you’ll want to make these changes in iDVD
.

Sending a Video Podcast to iWeb:

You can send a project containing a video to iWeb as a video podcast, and publish it on
the Internet. When subscribers view the video podcast, they can click a URL to have a
relevant webpage appear in their web browser, and move back and forth between
chapters.

Exporting a Project as a QuickTime Movie:

You can export a project containing a video as a QuickTime movie (.mov). When
you export a project as a movie, the exported movie includes both the video and
the soundtrack you created in GarageBand. The video’s audio is also included unless
the Video Sound track is muted when you export the movie.

To export a project as a QuickTime movie:

  • Choose Share > Export as QuickTime Movie.

The project is exported using the current movie compression settings. Movie
compression settings compress both the video and audio in the exported movie.

You can change the compression settings to suit how you want to use the exported
movie. Compression settings are stored as part of the GarageBand project until you
change them while the project is open.

To choose the video compression settings:

1. Choose GarageBand > Preferences, then click Export.
2. In the Export pane, choose the settings you want to use from the Movie Settings
pop-up menu.

Creating Podcasts

Creating a Podcast Episode:

You can create an enhanced podcast episode in GarageBand using the following steps:

1. Create the podcast audio by recording and adding audio in GarageBand.
2. Apply ducking to backing tracks.
3. Show the podcast track.
4. Add and edit marker regions.
5. Add artwork and/or URLs to marker regions.
6. Add episode artwork.
7. Edit episode information.

When you have created your podcast in GarageBand, you can send it to iWeb or export
it and publish it using another application.

To find audio files in the Media Browser:

1. Choose Control > Media Browser. The Media Browser opens to the right of the timeline.
2. Click the Audio button.
3. In the file area, navigate to the folder containing the audio files you want to use. You
can also search for files by name by typing in the search field.

To preview an audio file in the Media Browser, do one of the following:

  • Select the file in the media list, then click the Play button at the bottom of the Media Browser.
  • Double-click the file in the media list. The audio file starts playing.


To stop preview playback, do one of the following:

  • Click the Play button at the bottom of the Media Browser.
  • Select another audio file.

To import an audio file:

  • Drag the audio file from the Media Browser to the timeline.

You can add other folders to the Media Browser so you can add media files in the folders to your projects.

To add a folder to the Media Browser:

  • Drag the folder from the Finder to the middle area of the Media Browser.

Ducking Backing Tracks:

When you are creating a podcast, you may sometimes want to lower the volume of
backing tracks to hear spoken narration or dialogue more easily. Lowering the volume
of some tracks to make others easier to hear is called “ducking.”

You apply ducking by setting which tracks are lead tracks and which are backing tracks.
Whenever there is sound on a lead track, the volume of the backing tracks is lowered
while the volume of all other tracks stays the same. You can apply ducking to any Real
or Software Instrument track in your podcast.

To make a track a lead track:

1. Choose Control > Ducking.

A ducking control appears in each track’s header, with arrows pointing up and down.

2. Click the upper part of the track’s ducking control (the arrow pointing up).

To make a track a backing track:

1 Choose Control > Ducking.

A ducking control appears in each track’s header, with arrows pointing up and down.

2. Click the lower part of the track’s ducking control (the arrow pointing down).

When you play the project, send it to iWeb, or export it, the backing tracks are ducked
whenever there is sound on any lead track. You can adjust the amount of ducking
(volume reduction) on these tracks using the Ducking Amount slider.

To adjust the amount of ducking:

1. Open the Track Info pane.
2. Click Master Track, then click the Details triangle.
3. Drag the Ducking Amount slider right to increase the amount of ducking, or drag it left to decrease it.

Adding and Editing Markers:

You can add markers to an podcast, making it an enhanced podcast. When you add a
marker to a podcast, it appears in the podcast track as a marker region. Marker regions
show how long the artwork or URLs you add to a marker last, and you can move them
or resize them to change their duration.

To show the podcast track:

  • Choose Track > Show Podcast Track.

The podcast track appears above the other tracks in the timeline, and the editor opens
showing the marker list, with columns for the start time, artwork, chapter title, URL title, and URL for each marker.

Note: A project can have either a podcast track or a video track, but not both. If you try
to show the podcast track for a project that contains a video track, a dialog appears
asking if you want to replace the video track with a podcast track.

To add a marker:

1. Move the playhead to the place where you want to add the marker.
2. Click the Add Marker button.

The marker appears in the editor, and the start time for the marker appears in the Time column in the marker’s row.
The marker also appears as a marker region in the podcast track.
You can edit marker regions just like other regions in the timeline to control when artwork and URLs appear and how long they are visible when you play the podcast.

To move a marker region, do one of the following:

  • In the podcast track, drag the marker region to a new position.
  • In the editor, click the start time for the marker region and enter a new start time.

To resize a marker region:

  • Drag either the left or right edge of the marker region to the point where you want to resize it.

You can’t loop a marker region.

Adding Marker Region Artwork:

You can add artwork to individual marker regions. When you play the podcast, the
marker region artwork appears from the start to the end of the marker region.

To add artwork to a marker region:

1. Open the Media Browser, then click the Photos button.
2. In the Media Browser, locate the artwork you want to add.
3. Drag the artwork from the Media Browser to the Artwork box in the marker’s row in the editor.
You can also drag artwork directly to the podcast track, which adds a new marker region with the artwork.

The artwork appears in the marker region in the podcast track and in the Artwork
column for the region in the editor. The Displays Artwork checkbox is selected.
You can change the artwork for a marker by dragging a new image to the Artwork column in the marker’s row.

Adding a URL to a Marker:

You can add a URL to a marker and give the URL a title. When you play the podcast, the
URL is visible from the start to the end of the marker region. When you click the URL,
your web browser opens and displays the webpage for the URL.

To add a URL to a marker:

1. In the editor, click the placeholder text in the URL column of the marker’s row, then
type the URL.

The Displays URL checkbox is selected for the marker.

2. In the editor, click the placeholder text in the URL Title column of the marker’s row,
then type the title.

When you add a URL title, the title appears in place of the actual URL when you play
the podcast, but clicking the title opens your web browser to the webpage for the URL.


Adding Chapter Titles:

You can add a chapter title to a marker, making it a chapter marker. When you play the
movie in iTunes, iDVD, or QuickTime Player, you can easily move back and forth
between chapters.

To add a chapter title to a marker:

  • In the editor, select the placeholder text in the Chapter Title column of the marker’s row, then type a title.


Deleting Markers:

You can delete a marker if you decide you no longer want it in your podcast.

To delete a marker, do one of the following:

  • In the podcast track, select the marker region, then press the Delete key.
  • In the editor, select the marker in the marker list, then press the Delete key.


Adding Episode Artwork:

You can add episode artwork to the podcast track. When you play the podcast in
iTunes or view it in iWeb, the episode artwork is visible whenever there is no marker
region with its own artwork.

To add episode artwork:

1. In the Media Browser, locate the artwork you want to add.
2. Drag the artwork from the Media Browser to the Episode Artwork well in the editor.

The episode artwork appears in the Episode Artwork well. When you play the podcast,
the episode artwork appears when there is no marker region with artwork.


Editing Artwork:

You can resize and crop both marker region and episode artwork. In the image editor,
you can resize and crop your artwork to show all or part of the original image.

To edit artwork:

1. Double-click artwork in either the Episode Artwork well or the marker list.
The image editor opens, showing the artwork.
2. Drag the size slider to resize the artwork as large or small as you want.
The black square shows what part of the artwork will be displayed when you play the podcast.
3. Drag the artwork so that the part you want to display is within the borders of the
square.
4. You can replace the artwork by dragging a new image to the image editor.
5. When you are finished, click Set.

Editing Episode Information:

Each podcast episode can contain information, including the episode title, author, and
description. An episode can also have a parental advisory, which appears when you
play the podcast in iTunes.

To edit episode information:

1. Select the podcast track.
2. Open the Track Info pane by choosing Track > Show Track Info.
The Track Info pane appears, showing the Episode Info pane.
3. To give the podcast episode a title, click the Title field, then type a title.
4. To add artist information, click the Artist field, then type the artist’s name.
5. Choose a parental advisory from the Parental Advisory pop-up menu.
The choices are “none,” “clean,” and “explicit.” The default is “none.”
6. To include a description of the podcast episode, click the Description field, then type a description.

Creating a Video Podcast Episode:

Creating a video podcast is similar to creating an audio podcast, except that the video
podcast includes a video file and does not include artwork.

You can create an enhanced video podcast episode in GarageBand using the following steps:

1. Send an iMovie project to GarageBand or import a video file from the Media Browser.
2. Create the podcast audio in GarageBand.
3. Apply ducking to backing tracks.
4. Add and edit marker regions.
5. Add URLs and chapter titles.
6. Edit episode information.

When you have created your video podcast in GarageBand, you can send it to iWeb or
export it and publish it using another application.


Sending a Podcast to iWeb:

You can send a podcast to iWeb, where you can publish it as part of a series.

To send a podcast to iWeb:

  • Choose Share > Send Podcast to iWeb.

The entire project, from the beginning to the end of the last region, is exported.


Exporting a Podcast Episode:

You can export a project as a podcast episode, and publish it using another podcasting
application. By default, the Share menu lets you export podcasts to iWeb. If you want
to export podcasts using another application, you can change the menu command to
let you save your podcast episode to disk.

To export a project as a podcast episode:

1. Choose GarageBand > Preferences, then click Export.
2. In the Export pane, select the “Save to Disk” button under Publish Podcast.
3. Close the Preferences window.
4. Choose Share > Export as Podcast.

The file is exported using the current video and audio compression settings.










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